Symptoms And Treatment Of Renal Lithiasis

Renal lithiasis, also known as kidney stones or stones in the kidney, is grouped in the urinary tract causing a severe pain called nephritic colic. The causes that cause this problem are varied and although they can occur in premature babies, the most common is that they have men between 20 and 30 years of age approximately. As for the symptoms and the treatment, it will depend on the medical diagnosis and the type of renal calculation that is suffered. Do you want to know all about kidney stones? Then, in AS we explain the symptoms and treatment of renal lithiasis, a painful problem that affects many people.

Symptoms and treatment of renal lithiasis
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What is renal lithiasis?

Urolithiasis or nephrolithiasis are other names for kidney stones, a condition characterized by the presence of stones or stones in the urinary tract (bladder or ureters) and in the interior of the kidneys. These small stones in the kidneys or kidney stones are made up of substances that can normally be found in urine (uric acid, calcium phosphate or calcium oxalate) but which, for various reasons, have solidified to form fragments of a larger size.

Renal lithiasis may affect to a greater or lesser extent the person who has them. While in some cases, of lesser importance, such calculations are broken down by themselves and are expelled by the natural pathways, it can be given that the stones are of greater size and requirements, even, a surgical intervention.

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Why Renal Lithiasis Causes - Causes

There is no main cause that determines the development of stones in the kidneys; however, there are diverse origins that can lead to the formation of stones in the kidney and, consequently, to the presence of this disease. The most frequent causes of renal lithiasis are:

Deficit of fluids in the body

Most of the time this is the main reason for the appearance of stones in the kidneys. Remember that it is essential to drink at least 1.5 to 2 liters of water a day. On the other hand, excess vitamin C, for example, increases the renal secretion of some components present in the urine such as calcium oxalate, which increases the risk of developing kidney stones.

Hereditary predisposition

Another possible cause that causes the body to form kidney stones. In this sense, people with certain family history of kidney problems should monitor much more, especially the amount of urine they produce, as well as their color and smell (if the color is clear and the odor almost imperceptible, hydration it's correct).

Excessive food

They are also a possible cause of kidney stones, especially if a diet rich in salts, sugars or proteins is carried out since all these elements potentially increase the risk of the body forming stones in the kidney. If you have ever had kidney stones at any other time, this point is even more important. In this sense, people with obesity from the age of 40 are a risk group in the development of the disease, as well as diabetics or hypertensive. Controlling the diet in all these cases will be even more important if it fits.

Urinary tract obstruction

Finally, we can not forget that renal lithiasis often appears due to this reason. It can also be a consequence of a urine infection. If the urine is saturated with salts, the production of stones is much easier and this can be due either to the decrease in the volume of urine or to an increase in the urinary excretion of chemical substances that prevent the dissolution of the salts contains urine. All of this increases the risk and likelihood of kidney stones.

Symptoms of renal lithiasis

To know if you suffer from renal lithiasis it is important that you know in depth how this disease manifests itself. However, the symptoms that kidney stones produce will depend on the size, composition, and location of the stones.


  • Nephritic colic: is the main symptom of lithiasis. It occurs when the stone blocks the exit of the urine from the kidney, which results in intense pain in the renal area, abdomen, and genitals. Next to the pain appears the abdominal swelling, nausea or the vomits. If you have this symptom, you may be interested in some natural Remedies for nephritic colic.
  • Lumbar pain: is another of the most frequent symptoms of renal lithiasis, although it can be confused with bone or muscular pain.
  • Blood in the urine: could be seen with the naked eye, although the most common is to detect it through urinalysis. The presence of blood is due to the wounds that the stone causes in the affected organs.
  • Color of the urine: If you have kidney stones, your urine may not be normal. It is usually darker, cloudy or even pink. The presence of bacteria, excess bilirubin in the urine or injuries to the kidneys may be the cause.
  • Frequent Urination: You may have been asking yourself "why I urinate so much"; we inform you that this is another symptom that indicates a failure in the excretory system. Remember that urinary tract infection, as well as inflammation of the urethra, are often the main reasons that trigger frequent urination and that these can be part of renal lithiasis

Diagnosis of renal lithiasis

Now that you know the main causes and the most frequent symptoms of stones in the kidney, it is important that you discover the most appropriate treatment to overcome the disease. For this, it is essential to first obtain a reliable diagnosis that determines the presence or presence of kidney stones in the body, as well as the type of stone that is suffering.

In order to detect stones in the kidneys, as well as renal lithiasis, tests and examinations are usually performed. The most common are:

  • Renal function tests.
  • Blood and urine tests.
  • Abdominal radiography.
  • Magnetic resonance imaging of the abdomen and kidney.
  • Ultrasound.
  • Tomography.
  • X-ray intravenous peolography.

With all these tests, the urologist, specialist doctor, will determine the diagnosis from the clinical symptoms and the results of the tests performed. It will also be important to observe both the location of the calculus within the urinary tract and its size to know for sure the impact of the stone on the organism.

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Treatment for renal lithiasis

Once the diagnosis is established, the doctor will prescribe one treatment or another, always attending to your medical needs. Among the main treatments for stones in the kidney are:


  • Pharmacological treatment: is performed when the stones in the kidney are small. Taking medications can help undo calculations and expel them through the urine in a natural way. Along with pharmacological treatment, supervised by the doctor, you must take certain preventive measures such as frequent intake of fluids or a healthy and balanced diet, away from salts or sugars.
  • Surgical treatment: surgery is used when stones are too large. There are several types of surgical intervention such as extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy, percutaneous nephrolithotomy (by endoscopy), calculus resection, ureterorenoscopy, or endo ureteral laser lithography. This last one is the most advisable since it eliminates the calculations without carrying out any type of incision in the patient.

The prognosis of the treatment against renal lithiasis is favorable since once the calculations in the kidneys disappear, the symptoms of lithiasis go away. In cases where genetics plays a fundamental role in the formation of stones in the kidneys, they often recur. Therefore, specialists recommend always carry out a balanced diet and keep the body well hydrated.

Now that you know the symptoms and treatment of kidney stones, you may be interested in this article on Preventing Kidney Stones.

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This article is for information only, in Zotorial we have no power to prescribe any medical treatment or make any kind of diagnosis. We invite you to go to a doctor in the case of presenting any type of condition or discomfort.

If you would like to read more articles related to Symptoms and treatment of kidney stones, we recommend that you come to our category of Diseases and side effects.
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