Symptoms And Treatment For High Prolactin In Men

Prolactin is the hormone that is responsible for promoting the production of milk in the mammary glands. Although it is common in pregnant women, you should know that men also have this hormone. In small amounts, male prolactin helps them increase their fertility, although if the presence of this hormone is high can be a bigger problem. Do you want to know more about the function of prolactin? Then in Zotorial, we explain the symptoms and treatment for high prolactin in men, a problem that can lead to infertility, sexual inappetence and even alteration of the normal growth of male breasts.

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What is prolactin

Prolactin is the hormone responsible for favoring the production of milk in the breasts, which makes breastfeeding possible. Although its activation occurs mainly in pregnant women, it is also present in nonpregnant women, where prolactin acts as a modulator of the menstrual cycle. In the case of men, this hormone moves through the bloodstream in small amounts and favors male fertility.

High Prolactin in Men and Women

Prolactin is produced in the pituitary gland, an endocrine gland, and then is transferred via the bloodstream to the organs where they must act, whether they are breasts, ovaries or testicles. Although its presence is normal and usual, it really poses a problem in men if the amount of prolactin is high. In this case, clinically, we speak of hyperprolactinemia, that is, elevated levels of prolactin are observed in blood. If we differentiate the levels by sex, we would say that the level of prolactin is high in women if it exceeds 25 ng / ml and in men the 8 ng/ml.

Causes of high prolactin in men

Increased levels of prolactin may be due to different normal causes (especially in women) such as pregnancy, breastfeeding, excessive stimulation of the mammary glands ... But, as we have pointed out, it can also occur in men in the following cases:

  • In stress pictures.
  • After intense physical exercise.
  • For the consumption of medicines as antidepressants.
  • For overweight.
  • For deficiency of vitamin B6.
  • By the presence of prolactinomas, that is tumors that generate prolactin uncontrollably.
  • Due to liver failure.
  • By endocrine diseases.

High Prolactin in Men: Symptoms

Although a specific diagnosis is required and it is not very common for prolactin to be at high levels in men, these alterations may appear and cause specific signs in the patient. In the case of men, the symptoms are usually:

  • Sexual inactivity.
  • Sexual impotence or inability to maintain an erection.
  • Infertility, since high prolactin affects directly and negatively the production of spermatozoa.
  • Weight gain.
  • The appearance of acne.
  • Gynecomastia, that is abnormal growth of one or both breasts.
  • Galactorrhea, ie, milk secretion.

If one of your symptoms is gynecomastia, maybe you might be interested in this article on How to reduce the breasts of man.

High prolactonin in men: diagnosis and treatment

As we have seen, the symptoms of hyperprolactinemia in men are varied, but before undertaking a specific treatment, it is important to establish a specific diagnosis and to discover the cause that has caused the high level of prolactin in the male circulatory system. To do this, thorough medical tests will be carried out to determine blood prolactin levels.

Depending on the diagnosis, the treatments will be different:

  • Tumor: if the cause is a pituitary tumor, a surgical intervention will be required, as well as radiation therapy if the tumor is greater than 10 mm.
  • Hypothyroidism: both hypothyroidism and other endocrine disorders will require a treatment consisting of administration of hormones, in this case, thyroid.
  • Idiopathic: if it is a disorder without apparent reason, the doctor can prescribe to the patient drugs that prevent the formation of prolactin. The most common are cabergoline, bromocriptine, and lisuride.

If in doubt, always consult your doctor. He will be responsible for carrying out the specific diagnosis and establishing the most appropriate guidelines for reducing blood prolactin levels.

Now that you know the symptoms and treatment for high prolactin in men, you may be interested in this other article on How to normalize prolactin levels.

This article is for information only, in Zotorial we have no power to prescribe any medical treatment or make any kind of diagnosis. We invite you to go to a doctor in the case of presenting any type of condition or discomfort.

If you would like to read more articles related to Symptoms and treatment of high prolactin in men - discover what to do, we recommend that you come to our Family Health category.
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